Emerging Workplaces in Post-Functionalist Cities

Kimmo Lapintie, Mina Di Marino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


This paper explores new types of workplaces that are emerging due to the growing flexibility in work arrangements and the use of information and communication technologies. In addition to home and office, third places, such as libraries and coffee shops, are increasingly used as temporary workplaces. Moreover, there is a proliferation of co-working spaces that are designed as temporary working locations. Thus, the boundaries between traditional urban functions have become blurred; different functions co-exist in the same spaces, and new functionalities emerge as people take spaces into new uses. We may call our cities “post-functionalist,” ones that are no longer based only on predetermined and designed functions. However, there has been little research on the spatial characteristics of these new workplaces as well as on the social features within these places. These phenomena have been empirically studied through observational studies, interviews, and spatial analyses of three such sites: Café Köket, Meetingpoint, and Helsinki Think Company in the city center of Helsinki. The results reveal new forms of appropriation of public and semi-public spaces for working purposes that have not yet been analyzed in the context of existing urban policies and practices. The findings provide input for future visions and the planning of new workplaces.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Urban Geographies of the Creative and Knowledge Economies
Subtitle of host publicationForegrounding Innovative Productions, Workplaces and Public Policies in Contemporary Cities
EditorsSimonetta Armondi, Stefano Di Vita
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781351121835
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book


  • Coffee shops
  • libraries
  • co- working spaces
  • information technology
  • public and semi- public spaces
  • post- functionalism


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  • Ciwoli

    Lapintie, K. & Di Marino, M.


    Project: Business Finland: Other research funding

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