Embedding LTE-U within Wi-Fi Bands for Spectrum Efficiency Improvement

Qimei Chen, Guanding Yu, Hesham M. Elmaghraby, Jyri Hamalainen, Zhi Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Driven by growing spectrum shortage, LTE in unlicensed spectrum (LTE-U) has recently been proposed as a new paradigm to deliver better performance and experience for mobile users by extending the LTE protocol to unlicensed spectrum. In this article, we first present a comprehensive overview of the LTE-U technology, and discuss the practical challenges it faces. We summarize the existing LTE-U operation modes and analyze several means for LTE-U coexistence with Wi-Fi medium access control protocols. We further propose a novel hyper access point (HAP) that integrates the functionalities of LTE small cell base station and commercial Wi-Fi AP for deployment by cellular network operators. Our proposed LTE-U access embedding within the Wi-Fi protocol is non-disruptive to unlicensed Wi-Fi nodes and demonstrates performance benefits as a seamless and novel LTE and Wi-Fi coexistence technology in unlicensed band. We provide results to demonstrate the performance advantages of this novel LTE-U proposal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7884952
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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