Electrospun cellulose nanocrystals/poly(methyl methacrylate) composite nanofibers: Morphology, thermal and mechanical properties

Xiaohui Ni, Wanli Cheng, Siqi Huan, Dong Wang, Guangping Han*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An electrospinning process was utilized to fabricate composite nanofibers of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). The effect of environmental relative humidity on the microstructure of CNC/PMMA nanofibers was investigated. Results showed that fiber surfaces of CNC/PMMA appeared smooth. Fibers had gradually decreasing diameters and lower diameter variations as CNC loading increased. The thermal property of CNC/PMMA nanofibers was also enhanced due to hydrogen bonding between PMMA molecular chains and CNC nanoparticles. Compared to pure PMMA fibers, the storage modulus and tensile strength of composite nanofibers were pronouncedly improved. By increasing relative humidity of the electrospinning environment, these nanofibers showed prominent nanoporous surfaces while the surface roughness and porosity of CNC/PMMA nanofibers increased. Furthermore, CNCs were critical to accelerating the evolution of pores and increasing surface roughness. Our findings can provide useful guidelines for the fabrication of nanofibers with desired properties and pore structure by electrospinning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume206
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Cellulose nanocrystals
  • Electrospinning
  • Mechanical property
  • Nanofibers
  • Poly(methyl methacrylate)
  • Relative humidity

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