Electronic transitions of SWCNTs in comparison to GO on Mn3O4/TiO2nanocomposites for hydrogen energy generation and solar photocatalysis

Saima Noor, Shamaila Sajjad*, Sajjad Ahmed Khan Leghari, Cristina Flox, Tanja Kallio, Esko I. Kauppinen, Saeed Ahmad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The conductivity of metal/metal oxide-doped TiO2nanomaterials is enhanced by the incorporation of carbonaceous materials,e.g.single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and graphene oxide (GO). Here, a comparative study was conducted on SWCNTs/Mn3O4-TiO2and GO/Mn3O4-TiO2composite materials for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) through water splitting and solar induced photodegradation of methyl orange (MO). The morphology of GO/Mn3O4-TiO2showed a quasi-spherical network of TiO2with patches of Mn3O4nanoparticles dispersed on GO sheets. SWCNTs were adhered on the Mn3O4-TiO2surface. The novel features of carbonaceous materials (GO/SWCNTs), fast electronic transition properties of SWCNTs and π-π interaction of carbon materials in composites extended the absorption edges in the visible region and thereby led to reduction of band gap energy. Mn-Ti-C linkages in ternary composites were confirmed through FTIR and Raman studies. Quenching of PL intensity indicated suppression of electron-hole recombination on the surface of SWCNTs/Mn3O4-TiO2. XPS demonstrated bonding configuration and oxidation states of components of the SWCNTs/Mn3O4-TiO2composite. The SWCNTs/Mn3O4-TiO2nanohybrid structure with tailored properties played a noteworthy role in HER with a low onset potential of ∼320 mV at 10 mA cm−2, a lowRctof ∼43.3 Ω, a small Tafel slope of ∼86 mV dec−1and the highest degradation of MO (∼98%) compared to other catalysts. Our findings suggest that the prepared catalysts are promising candidates for multifunctional purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2431-2442
Number of pages12
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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