Electronic and magnetic characterization of epitaxial VSe2 monolayers on superconducting NbSe2

Shawulienu Kezilebieke, Md Nurul Huda, Paul Dreher, Ilkka Manninen, Yifan Zhou, Jani Sainio, Rhodri Mansell, Miguel M. Ugeda, Sebastiaan van Dijken, Hannu Pekka Komsa, Peter Liljeroth*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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There has been enormous recent interest in heterostructures of two-dimensional van der Waals materials. Integrating materials with different quantum ground states in vertical heterostructures is predicted to lead to novel electronic properties that are not found in the constituent layers. Here, we present direct synthesis of a superconductor-magnet hybrid heterostructure by combining superconducting niobium diselenide (NbSe2) with the monolayer vanadium diselenide (VSe2). Molecular-beam epitaxy growth in ultra-high vacuum yields clean and atomically sharp interfaces. Combining different characterization techniques and density-functional theory calculations, we investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of VSe2 on NbSe2. Low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy measurements show an absence of the typical charge density wave on VSe2 and demonstrate a reduction of the superconducting gap of NbSe2 on the VSe2 layer. This suggests magnetization of the VSe2 sheet, at least on the local scale. Our work demonstrates superconducting-magnetic hybrid materials with potential applications in future electronics devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalCommunications physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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  • Projects

    ADaM: Artificial designer materials

    Liljeroth, P., Aapro, M., Alldritt, B., Silveira Júnior, O., Amini, M. & Khosravian, M.


    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

    FUNTOMX: Controlled functionalization of two-dimensional MXene sheets

    Komsa, H.


    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding



    Anna Rissanen (Manager)

    Aalto University

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    Mikko Hakala (Manager)

    School of Science

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