Electromagnetic 3D subsurface imaging with source sparsity for a synthetic object

S. Pursiainen, M. Kaasalainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper concerns electromagnetic 3D subsurface imaging in connection with sparsity of signal sources. We explored an imaging approach that can be implemented in situations that allow one to obtain a large amount of data over a surface or a set of orbits but at the same time require sparsity of the signal sources. Characteristic to such a tomography scenario is that it necessitates the inversion technique to be genuinely three-dimensional: for example, slicing is not possible due to the low number of sources. Here, we primarily focused on astrophysical subsurface exploration purposes. As an example target of our numerical experiments we used a synthetic small planetary object containing three inclusions, e.g. voids, of the size of the wavelength. A tetrahedral arrangement of source positions was used, it being the simplest symmetric point configuration in 3D. Our results suggest that somewhat reliable inversion results can be produced within the present a priori assumptions, if the data can be recorded at a specific resolution. This is valuable early-stage knowledge especially for the design of future planetary missions in which the payload needs to be minimized, and potentially also for the development of other lightweight subsurface inspection systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125004
JournalInverse Problems
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • electromagnetic waves
  • FDTD
  • material testing
  • medical imaging
  • planetary science
  • source sparsity
  • subsurface imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Electromagnetic 3D subsurface imaging with source sparsity for a synthetic object'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this