Electroluminescent Cooling in III-V Intracavity Diodes: Efficiency Bottlenecks
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Recent advances in the photoluminescent cooling of doped glasses provoke the question of whether similar progress is possible in electroluminescent cooling (ELC), and if so, what are the conditions for observing it at high powers. Here, we establish a simulation framework for III-V intracavity double-diode structures (DDSs) intended for studying ELC and introduce and analyze the most relevant figures of merit for the recently measured devices exhibiting the highest reported quantum efficiency of 70%. In essence, the DDSs optically couple a GaInP/GaAs double heterojunction light-emitting diode (LED) and a GaAs p-n homojunction photodetector (PD), integrated as a single device. The modeling framework couples the drift-diffusion charge transport model with a photon transport model and uses our recent experimental measurements for validation and the extraction of important material parameters. Results show that the model can accurately describe the experimental behavior over many orders of magnitude and suggest that the internal efficiency of the LED already exceeds the cooling threshold. Directly observing cooling in the presently studied devices, however, is still hindered by bottlenecks arising from the surface recombination at the LED walls and recombination losses in the PD.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2019|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- double-diode structures, electroluminescent cooling, III-As, light-emitting diodes (LEDs)