Elastoplastic Modelling of an In Situ Concrete Spalling Experiment using the Ottosen Failure Criterion

Lauri Uotinen, Topias Siren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
384 Downloads (Pure)


An in situ concrete spalling experiment will be carried out in the ONKALO rock characterization facility. The purpose is to establish the failure strength of a thin concrete liner on prestressed rock surface, when the stress states in both rock and concrete are increased by heating. A cylindrical hole 1.5 m in diameter and 7.2 m in depth is reinforced with a 40 mm thin concrete liner from level -3 m down. Eight 6 m long 4 kW electrical heaters are installed around the hole 1 m away. The experiment setup is described and results from predictive numerical modelling are shown. Elastoplastic modelling using the Ottosen failure criterion predicts damage initiation on week 5 and the concrete ultimate strain limit of 0.0035 is exceeded on week 10. The support pressure generated by the liner is 3.2 MPa and the tangential stress of rock is reduced by -33 %. In 2D fracture mechanical simulations, the support pressure is 3 MPa and small localized damage occurs after week 3 and damage process slowly continues during week 9 of the heating period. In conclusion, external heating is a potent way of inducing damage and thin concrete liner significantly reduces the amount of damage.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4723017
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Concrete
  • Thin liner
  • Spalling
  • Numerical modelling
  • Ottosen
  • Plasticity


Dive into the research topics of 'Elastoplastic Modelling of an In Situ Concrete Spalling Experiment using the Ottosen Failure Criterion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this