Efficient surface passivation of black silicon using spatial atomic layer deposition

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Nanostructured silicon surface (black silicon, b-Si) has a great potential in photovoltaic applications, but the large surface area requires efficient passivation. It is well known that b-Si can be efficiently passivated using conformal Atomic Layer Deposited (ALD) Al2O3, but ALD suffers from a low deposition rate. Spatial ALD (SALD) could be a solution as it provides a high deposition rate combined with conformal coating. Here we compare the passivation of b-Si realized with prototype SALD tool Beneq SCS 1000 and temporal ALD. Additionally, we study the effect of post-annealing conditions on the passivation of SALD coated samples. The experiments show that SALD passivates b-Si surfaces well as charge carrier lifetimes up to 1.25 ms are obtained, which corresponds to a surface recombination velocity Seff,max of 10 cm/s. These were comparable with the results obtained with temporal ALD on the same wafers (0.94 ms, Seff,max 14 cm/s). This study thus demonstrates high-quality passivation of b-Si with industrially viable deposition rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282–287
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics - Freiburg, Germany, Freiburg, Germany
Duration: 3 Apr 20175 Apr 2017
Conference number: 7


  • spatial atomic layer deposition
  • nanostructured silicon
  • high surface area
  • surface passivation
  • conformal coating
  • aluminum oxide


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