Effects of stator core welding on an induction machine – Measurements and modeling

Ravi Sundaria*, Andries Daem, Osaruyi Osemwinyen, Antti Lehikoinen, Peter Sergeant, Antero Arkkio, Anouar Belahcen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
126 Downloads (Pure)


There is a growing interest towards increasing the efficiency of electrical machines to reduce the ecological footprint. The efficiency of an electrical machine is closely related to the understanding and accurate estimation of the associated losses. One loss component is related to the welding of the electrical steel sheets as a part of manufacturing. This paper studies the effect of the core welding on a typical industrial induction motor. The effect of core welding on the magnetic permeability and core losses is first analyzed with the help of magnetic measurements on the unwelded and welded ring cores assembled from the stator sheets. Further, the derived material parameters are applied in finite element analysis of the induction machine and the effect of welding on the machine performance parameters is analyzed. It was observed that stator core losses increased about 10% due to the welding effect. A mock-up prototype is then manufactured to measure the stator core losses which follow the simulated values closely.

Original languageEnglish
Article number166280
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Core loss
  • Electrical machines
  • Steel sheets
  • Welding


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