Effects of polymerization conditions when making norbornene-ethylene copolymers using the metallocene catalyst ethylene bis(indenyl) zirconium dichloride and MAO to obtain high glass transition temperatures

Christer H. Bergström*, Jukka V. Seppälä

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Using 70 mol % norbomene in the monomer mixture before polymerization, the influences of different polymerization conditions were studied. It was found that by increasing the temperature from 10 to 70°C, the yield increased and the molecular weight decreased; and when increasing the ethylene pressure from 2 to 6 atm, yield and molecular weight increased. The highest glass transition temperatures, however, were achieved at 30°C and 4 atm. Further improvements could be obtained by increasing the amount of catalyst or Al/Zr ratio. Using the conditions of 30°C, 4 atm, 4 mg catalyst, 3000 Al/Zr, 250 mL toluene solution, and 30 min, the amount of norbornene was increased from 31.1 to 90 g, resulting in an increase in the glass transition temperature from 98 to 155°C.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1063-1070
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
    Volume63
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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