Effects of ethane addition on diesel-methane dual-fuel combustion in a heavy-duty engine

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Abstract

The present study is a continuation of the previous work by Ahmad et al. (2020), in which ethane (C2H6) enriched diesel-methane (CH4) dual-fuel (DF) combustion was experimentally investigated in a single-cylinder heavy-duty engine. Here, the experiments of ethane enriched DF combustion are carried out with new details together with supporting zero-dimensional (0D) and one-dimensional (1D) chemical kinetics simulations. Three port-fuel injected (PFI) gaseous blends of pure methane with varying ethane concentrations of 0%, 10%, and 20% are used as the main fuels. The PFI gaseous blend provides 97% of the total-fuel energy (TFE), which is ignited by a small 3% (TFE based) pilot diesel. Experiments are performed under lean condition (∅gas = 0.52) for two engine speeds while keeping the TFE and other operating conditions constant. Calculated results from 0D and 1D simulations under engine relevant conditions including theoretical combustion mode analysis (β-curve) are used to deepen the phenomenological understanding of the experimental results. The results reveal that adding ethane into pure methane has minor effects on the pilot-diesel ignition timing. However, ethane addition greatly enhances the ignitability of methane after the start of combustion. Ethane enriched gaseous blends yield higher thermal efficiency and reduce combustion duration compared to pure methane. According to combustion mode analysis, ethane tendency to promote spontaneous autoignition may be one of the reasons for improving overall combustion performance. It is observed that ethane enriched gaseous blends produce lower unburned methane (UB-CH4) and unburned hydrocarbons (THC) accompanied with higher nitrogen oxides (NOx) because of the higher combustion efficiency. Furthermore, ethane addition considerably helps to reduce cycle-to-cycle variations under lean conditions compared to pure methane.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119834
Number of pages12
JournalFuel
Volume289
Early online date14 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Dual/Tri fuel
  • Ethane-methane mixtures
  • Exhaust emissions
  • Experimental, numerical and theoretical studies
  • Natural gas composition

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