Effects of e-commerce on greenhouse gas emissions - A case study of grocery home delivery in Finland

Hanne Siikavirta, Mikko Punakivi, Mikko Kärkkäinen, Lassi Linnanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-97
JournalJournal of Industrial Ecology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • distribution
  • e-grocery food consumption
  • food production
  • greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
  • logistics

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