The effect of viscosity ratio and processing conditions on LCP/PP blend morphology was studied. The viscosity ratio (eta(LCP)/eta(PP)) was varied from 0.1 to 3.6 by using five different polypropylene grades as the matrix and two LCPs as the dispersed phase (20 wt %). The most spontaneous fiber formation was achieved when the viscosity ratio was between 0.5 and 1. In addition to shear forces, elongational forces are important in achieving a highly fibrillar structure and significant mechanical reinforcement. The lubricating effect induced by the low viscosity of LCP was most pronounced for the blends exhibiting a fibrillar morphology. The morphologies of blends produced by different mixing equipment differed only slightly. The greatest variation in the mixing efficiency was found for blends whose components had totally dissimilar melt viscosities. The slight differences in morphology due to melt blending in dissimilar equipment were decreased after injection molding, whereas the differences in morphology due to dissimilar viscosity ratios were still evident in the injection molded blends. Thus, the viscosity ratio at processing in the actual processing conditions is of great importance. (C) 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE
- POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE