Effect of Ultrasonic Burnishing parameters on Burnished-surface quality of Stainless Steel after Heat Treatment

Rizwan Ullah*, Agbemon Fangnon, Juha Huuki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
47 Downloads (Pure)


Ultrasonic burnishing induces beneficial compressive stresses and high surface quality in components with contact as a functional requirement. It was observed in previous work that some burnishing parameters can hinder burnishability of stainless steels. In this research tangential misalignment angles (TMA) for burnishing were varied considering as-supplied and heat-treated stainless steel. Properties such as surface hardness and surface roughness were measured after burnishing process. Electron Backscatter Diffraction was performed to characterize microstructure using Matlab (MTEX) to calculate average grain areas. By changing burnishing parameters, i.e., shaft rotational speed and burnishing tool diameter, it was observed that burnishing was less successful. Nevertheless, significant improvement in burnished surface quality was observed after heat-treatment process. In addition, grain size characterization revealed mean grain area reduction from 26 µm2 for unburnished to 11 µm2 and 3 µm2 for burnished and heat-treated samples respectively. Most importantly this work reveals the enhanced possibility of burnishing stainless steels after heat-treatment with varying tangential misalignment angles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFlexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing
Subtitle of host publicationThe Human-Data-Technology Nexus - Proceedings of FAIM 2022
EditorsKyoung-Yun Kim, Leslie Monplaisir, Jeremy Rickli
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-18326-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-18325-6
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing - Detroit, United States
Duration: 19 Jun 202223 Jun 2022
Conference number: 31

Publication series

NameLecture notes in mechanical engineering
ISSN (Print)2195-4356
ISSN (Electronic)2195-4364


ConferenceInternational Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing
Abbreviated titleFAIM
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Ultrasonic burnishing
  • heat treatment
  • Surface finish
  • Tangential misalignment


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