Effect of polishing on electrochemical behavior and passive layer composition of different stainless steels

Krzysztof Rokosz*, Grzegorz Solecki, Gregor Mori, Rainer Fluch, Marianne Kapp, Jouko Lahtinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


In the present paper, the effect of different polishingmethods (mechanical and electrochemical) on passive layer chemistry and the corrosion behavior of stainless steels is investigated. It was found that CrNiMo austenites have a substantially better corrosion behavior than CrMnN ones. The nickel is enriched underneath the passive layer, while manganese tends to be enriched in the passive layer. It was also noted that immersion of manganese into an electrolyte preferentially causes its dissolution. It was found that high amounts of chromium (27.4%), molybdenum (3.3%), nickel (29.4%), with the addition of manganese (2.8%) after mechanical grinding, generates a better corrosion resistance than after electrochemical polishing. This ismost likely because of the introduction of phosphates and sulfates into its structure, which is known for steels with a high amount of manganese. For highly alloyed CrNiMo steels, which do not contain a high amount of manganese, the addition of phosphates and/or sulphates via the electropolishing process results in a decrease in pitting corrosion resistance, which is also observed for highmanganese steels. Electropolished samples show detrimental corrosion properties when compared to mechanically polished samples. This is attributed to substantial amounts of sulfate and phosphate from the electropolishing electrolyte present in the surface of the passive layer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3402
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Electrochemical behavior
  • Electropolishing
  • Mechanical polishing
  • Passivity
  • Stainless steels
  • XPS


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