Effect of phase on the perceived level of bass

Mikko Ville Laitinen*, Kai Jussila, Ville Pulkki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


The perceived level of bass is typically considered to be related to the level of the magnitude spectrum at the corresponding frequencies. However, recently it has been found that, in the case of harmonic complex signals, also the phase spectrum can affect it. This article studies this effect further using formal listening tests. It is found out that the phase spectrum that produces the perception of the loudest bass depends on the individual. Furthermore, the loudness of the bass appears to be affected by the phase characteristics of the tone in a relatively wide band.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication137th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2014
PublisherAudio Engineering Society
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781634397483
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventAudio Engineering Society Convention - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 9 Oct 201412 Oct 2014
Conference number: 137


ConferenceAudio Engineering Society Convention
Abbreviated titleAES
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Internet address


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