Effect of nitrogen content on precipitation during isothermal annealing of P/M high nitrogen austenitic stainless steels

J. Romu*, Hannu Hänninen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the study is to determine the effect of nitrogen content on precipitation reactions in nitrogen alloyed austenitic stainless steels during isothermal annealing up to 500 h at 450 °C and up to 72 h at 750 °C. The studied steels were P/M austenitic stainless steels with the nominal composition of 24Cr-22Ni-7.3Mo-3.5Mn-0.3...0.9N. The studied steels were manufactured by HIPing (Hot Isostatic Pressing) from gas atomized powders. Nitrogen content of the steels was varied by nitrogen alloying of the atomized melt and by further solid state nitriding of the gas atomized powders in a fluidized bed furnace when nitrogen contents exceeding nitrogen solubility in the liquid state were needed. The effect of nitrogen content on precipitation was studied with TEM as well as by tensile testing, Charpy-V impact testing and localized corrosion testing (pitting and crevice corrosion). Precipitating phases in the studied steels were either intermetallic phases (sigma and Laves) and/or chromium nitrides (Cr2N) depending on the nitrogen content of the steel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-680
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Volume318-320
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
EventInternational Conference on High Nitrogen Steels - Espoo and Stockholm, Finland
Duration: 24 May 199828 May 1998
Conference number: 5

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