Effect of Magnetic Ordering on the Stability of Ni-Mn-Ga(-Co-Cu) Alloys Along the Tetragonal Deformation Path

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Martin Zeleny
  • Alexei Sozinov
  • Torbjorn Bjorkman
  • Ladislav Straka
  • Oleg Heczko
  • Risto M. Nieminen

Research units

  • Lappeenranta University of Technology
  • Åbo Akademi University
  • Czech Academy of Sciences
  • Brno University of Technology
  • Charles University Prague
  • Charles University


The influence of magnetic ordering on the stability of Ni-Mn-Ga(-Co-Cu) Heusler alloys is investigated using the first-principles exact muffin-tin orbital method in combination with the coherent-potential approximation. The paramagnetic (PM) state is described by disordered local moment approach. In stoichiometric Ni2MnGa alloy, the total energy profile along the tetragonal deformation path differs between ferromagnetic (FM) ground state and PM state with high energy, where cubic structure of austenite exhibits lower total energy than tetragonally distorted structure of martensite. Martensitic structure is stabilized in ground state by FM interaction. In PM state it can be stabilized by partial substitution of Ni by Co or by partial substitution of Mn/Ga by Cu. Energy difference between PM and FM state can be used for qualitative estimation of Curie temperature. Since Co doping to Ni sublattice slightly increases should also increase, which corresponds to experimental findings. Analogically, Cu doping to Mn sublattice strongly decreases, which corresponds to strong decrease of, also confirmed experimentally. For Cu doping in Ga sublattice the decrease in is weaker.


Original languageEnglish
Article number1700306
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Ab initio calculation, Curie temperature, magnetic shape memory, Ni-Mn-Ga

ID: 16154236