Effect of functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles on dielectric properties of PVC nanocomposites used in electrical insulating cables

Nagat M.K. Abdel-Gawad, Adel Z. El Dein, Diaa-Eldin A. Mansour, Hanaa M. Ahmed, M.M.F. Darwish

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tendency to enhance the dielectric properties of insulating materials used in cables has become necessary in order to design new insulation systems that can withstand higher voltage levels. The current study is to investigate the improvement in dielectric properties of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) due to the insertion of chemically functionalized titanium oxide (TiO 2 ) nanoparticles. The functionalization of TiO 2 nanoparticles was performed using vinyl silane coupling agent. The PVC/TiO 2 nanocomposites, with different weight fractions of nanoparticles up to 5 %, were fabricated using solution casting of PVC with the aid of nanoparticles dispersion within the molten polymeric matrix. The surface morphology of synthesized PVC/TiO 2 nanocomposites was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Then, their dielectric properties were studied by measuring and simulating the AC dielectric breakdown strength under quazi-uniform electric fields. The relative permittivity (ε r ) and dielectric loss (tan δ) were also measured in the frequency range 20 Hz to 1 MHz at room temperature. It is found that the dielectric breakdown strength of PVC was increased with incorporating functionalized TiO 2 into their matrix compared to that with un-functionalized TiO 2 or that of unfilled PVC. Furthermore, ε r and tan δ were decreased by about 43% and 41%, respectively, over the unfilled PVC at 50 Hz. 3 % was found the optimal loading fraction of functionalized TiO 2 . This reveals that PVC/TiO 2 nanocomposites with functionalized TiO 2 had better dielectric properties. This may be attributed to the low surface energy of the functionalized TiO 2 nanoparticles that prevented the agglomeration of nanoparticles and restricted the mobility of polymeric chains, and in turn, suppressed the free space charges resulting in a decrease in the capacitance and losses inside the nanocomposites.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Middle-East Power Systems Conference, MEPCON 2016
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-9063-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Middle-East Power Systems Conference - Cairo, Egypt
Duration: 27 Dec 201629 Dec 2016
Conference number: 18

Conference

ConferenceInternational Middle-East Power Systems Conference
Abbreviated titleMEPCON
CountryEgypt
CityCairo
Period27/12/201629/12/2016

Keywords

  • Cable insulation
  • Dielectric properties
  • Functionalized nanoparticles
  • Polymer nanocomposites
  • PVC

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