Effect of Electrochemical Oxidation on Physicochemical Properties of Fe-Containing Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Elli Leppänen, Sami Sainio, Hua Jiang, Bjørn Mikladal, Ilkka Varjos, Tomi Laurila*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


Metal catalysts are necessary for fabricating carbon nanotubes, but are often considered impurities in the end products, and arduous steps are used to remove catalyst residues from the nanotube structure. However, as metals can be electrocatalytic, instead of removing them we can utilize their role in detection of analgesics. Herein, we study the physicochemical properties of Fe-containing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), and the effect of simple oxidative pretreatment on them. We show that a gentle anodic pretreatment i) increased the amount of oxidized Fe nanoparticles, most likely exhibiting phases Fe3O4 and Fe2O3 and ii) effectively removed disordered carbonaceous material from SWCNT bundles surfaces. Pretreatment had only a marginal effect on sensitivity towards analgesics. However, interestingly, selectivity of Fe-SWCNTs towards paracetamol and morphine could be modified with pretreatment. Through this kind of in-depth investigation, we can, to a certain extent, correlate various material properties of SWCNTs with the observed electrochemical performance. This approach allows us to evaluate what factors in SWCNTs truly affect the electrochemical detection of biomolecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4136-4143
Number of pages8
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Electrochemistry
  • Electron microscopy
  • Iron nanoparticles
  • Single-walled carbon nanotubes
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy


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  • FEPOD-TUTLI, T40218

    Laurila, T., Leppänen, E. & Verrinder, E.


    Project: Business Finland: New business from research ideas (TUTLI)

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