Effect of childhood developmental coordination disorder on adulthood physical activity; Arvo Ylppö longitudinal study

Jocelyn L.K. Tan, Anna Mari Ylä-Kojola, Johan G. Eriksson, Minna K. Salonen, Niko Wasenius, Nicolas H. Hart, Paola Chivers, Timo Rantalainen, Aulikki Lano, Harri Piitulainen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Individuals at risk of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have low levels of physical activity in childhood due to impaired motor competence; however, physical activity levels in adulthood have not been established. This study sought to determine the impact of DCD risk on physical activity levels in adults using accelerometry measurement. Participants (n = 656) from the Arvo Ylppö Longitudinal Study cohort had their motor competence assessed at the age of five years, and their physical activity quantified via device assessment at the age of 25 years. Between group differences were assessed to differentiate physical activity measures for individuals based on DCD risk status, with general linear modeling performed to control for the effects of sex, body mass index (BMI), and maternal education. Participants at risk of DCD were found to have a lower total number of steps (d = 0.3, p = 0.022) than those not at risk. Statistical modeling indicated that DCD risk status increased time spent in sedentary light activity (β = 0.1, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.3, p = 0.026) and decreased time spent in vigorous physical activity via interaction with BMI (β = 0.04, 95% CI 0.001 to 0.1, p = 0.025). Sensitivity analysis found that visuomotor impairment did not significantly impact physical activity but did increase the role of DCD risk status in some models. This 20-year-longitudinal study indicated that DCD risk status continues to negatively impact on levels of physical activity into early adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalSCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Feb 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • accelerometry
  • developmental disability
  • motor competence

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of childhood developmental coordination disorder on adulthood physical activity; Arvo Ylppö longitudinal study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this