Effect of ausforming on microstructure and hardness characteristics of bainitic steel

Theerawat Kumnorkaew*, Junhe Lian, Vitoon Uthaisangsuk, Wolfgang Bleck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Effects of process parameters of the ausforming such as temperature, strain and strain rate on the martensitic start temperature, kinetics of isothermal bainitic transformation and microstructure refinement of a low carbon carbide-free bainitic steel were investigated. It was found that applying plastic deformation to untransformed austenite during intermediate temperatures decreased the martensite start temperature of steel and enabled isothermal bainitic transformation at low temperatures. Hereby, ausforming significantly generated heterogeneous nucleation sites, which accelerated the overall kinetics of bainitic transformation and thus increased bainitic phase fraction in steel. In addition, the ausforming enhanced the stability of austenite that led to reduced amount of martensite after cooling down to room temperature. Finally, the ausforming parameters and observed microstructure features were correlated and discussed along with the hardness of steel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13365-13374
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Issue number6
Early online date9 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Ausforming
  • Deformation temperature
  • Grain refinement
  • Low-carbon CFB steel
  • M/A constituent
  • Strain rate

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