Edge capacity planning for real time compute-intensive applications

Marius Noreikis, Yu Xiao, Yuming Jiang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


Cloud computing is a major breakthrough in enabling multi-user scalable web services, process offloading and infrastructure cost savings. However, public clouds impose high network latency which became a bottleneck for real time applications such as mobile augmented reality applications. A widely accepted solution is to move latency sensitive services from the centralized cloud to the edge of the Internet, close to service users. An important prerequisite for deploying applications at the edge is determining initial required edge capacity. However, little has been done to provide reliable estimates of required computing capacity under Quality-of-Service (QoS) constraints. Differently from previous works that focus only on applications' CPU usage, in this paper, we propose a novel, queuing theory based edge capacity planning solution that takes into account both CPU and GPU usages of real-time compute-intensive applications. Our solution satisfies the QoS requirements in terms of response delays while minimizing the number of required edge computing nodes, assuming that the nodes are with fixed CPU/GPU capacity. We demonstrate the applicability and accuracy of our solution through extensive evaluation, including a case study using real-life applications. The results show that our solution maximizes the resource utilization through intelligent combinations of service requests, and can accurately estimate the minimal amount of CPU and GPU capacity required for satisfying the QoS requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Fog Computing, ICFC 2019
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781728132365
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on Fog Computing - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 24 Jun 201926 Jun 2019
Conference number: 1


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Fog Computing
Abbreviated titleICFC
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic


  • Augmented reality
  • Capacity planning
  • Edge computing
  • GPU
  • Queueing theory


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