Economic Evaluation of Drying of Soot Sludge and Sawdust Mixture at Low Temperatures Using the Characteristic Drying Curve Method

Tiina Myllymaa, Henrik Holmberg, Pekka Ahtila

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Abstract

Soot sludge is a waste stream formed in the fuel oil gasification of formic acid and hydrogen peroxide production. The soot sludge has a high moisture content (95%) and is presently combusted with heavy fuel oil in order to dispose of the sludge. Experimental tests earlier conducted by the authors have shown that the sludge can be convectively dried with sawdust in a fixed bed. By upgrading the sludge from waste to fuel, the utilization of oil can be decreased. In this study, characteristic drying curves (CDC) are determined for the sludge and sawdust mixture. The CDCs are further used to evaluate the economy of the mixture drying in a belt dryer by using the payback period method. Results show that the linear CDCs of the mixture can be used to extrapolate drying data from specific drying conditions to another when the bed height is 200 or 300 mm, and the inlet air temperature 40–100 °C. The economic analysis shows that drying is economical for all inlet air temperatures if the oil price is ≥350 €/t-oil. Sensitivity analyses reveal that the heat, sawdust and emission prices have no remarkable influence on the economy of drying if the oil price does not fall below c. 300 €/t-oil
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalChemEngineering
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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