Dry transfer method for suspended graphene on lift-off-resist: simple ballistic devices with Fabry-Pérot interference

Ying Liu, T. S. Abhilash, Antti Laitinen, Zhenbing Tan, Guan-jun Liu, Perth Hakonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We demonstrate a fabrication scheme for clean suspended structures using chemical-vapor-deposition-grown graphene and a dry transfer method on lift-off-resist-coated substrates to facilitate suspended graphene nanoelectronic devices for technological applications. It encompasses the demands for scalable fabrication as well as for ultra-fast response due to weak coupling to environment. The fabricated devices exhibited initially a weak field-effect response with substantial positive (p) doping which transformed into weak negative (n) doping upon current annealing at the temperature of 4 K. With increased annealing current, n-doping gradually decreased while the Dirac peak position approached zero in gate voltage. An ultra-low residual charge density of 9 × 108 cm-2 and a mobility of 1.9 × 105 cm2 V-1 s-1 were observed. Our samples display clear Fabry-Pérot (FP) conductance oscillation which indicates ballistic electron transport. The spacings of the FP oscillations are found to depend on the charge density in a manner that agrees with theoretical modeling based on Klein tunneling of Dirac particles. The ultra-low residual charge, the FP oscillations with density dependent period, and the high mobility prove the excellent quality of our suspended graphene devices. Owing to its simplicity, scalability and robustness, this fabrication scheme enhances possibilities for production of suspended, high-quality, two-dimensional-material structures for novel electronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberARTN 25LT01
Number of pages6
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • quantum technology
  • suspended graphene
  • ballistic transport
  • current annealing
  • negative doping
  • Fabry-Perot interference


EMP: European Microkelvin Platform

Hakonen, P.


Project: EU: Framework programmes funding



Anna Rissanen (Manager)

Aalto University

Facility/equipment: Facility

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