Double metal alkoxides of lithium: Synthesis, structure and applications in materials chemistry

Miia Mäntymäki*, Mikko Ritala, Markku Leskelä

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Double metal alkoxides of lithium, also called heterometallic or bimetallic alkoxides, are a large group within the double metal alkoxide realm. Many of the synthetic procedures known for other double metal alkoxides can be used to make these complexes. Their structures are versatile: anything from small ring structures to large cage complexes and aggregates are possible, depending on the number of metal cations and the size of the ligands in the complex. These alkoxides make up an interesting group of potential precursors for materials chemistry. Lithium forms many multicomponent oxides, used mainly in lithium ion batteries and optical applications, and reaching the right metal stoichiometry is one of the biggest challenges in their manufacture. By using complexes such as double metal alkoxides, where the metal stoichiometry is fixed on a molecular level, the materials synthesis can be simplified. This review describes the synthesis, structure, volatility and precursor applications of double metal alkoxides of lithium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-877
Number of pages24
JournalCoordination Chemistry Reviews
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • CVD
  • Double metal alkoxide
  • Heterometallic alkoxide
  • Lithium
  • Sol-gel
  • Volatility

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Double metal alkoxides of lithium: Synthesis, structure and applications in materials chemistry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this