Does the Importance of Word-Initial and Word-Final Information Differ in Native versus Non-Native Spoken-Word Recognition?

Odette Scharenborg, Juul Coumans, Sofoklis Kakouros, Roeland van Hout

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates whether the importance and use of word-initial and word-final information in spoken-word recognition is dependent on whether one is listening in a native or a non-native language and on the presence of background noise. Native English and non-native Dutch and Finnish listeners participated in an English word recognition experiment, where either a word’s onset or offset was masked by speech-shaped noise with different signal-to-noise ratios. The results showed that for all listener groups the masking of word onset information was more detrimental to spoken-word recognition than the masking of word offset information. The reliance on word-initial information was larger in harder listening conditions for the English but not so for the Dutch and Finnish listeners. Moreover, no significant differences in the use of word-initial and word-final information were found between the two non-native listener groups. Taken together, these results show that the reliance on word-initial information in deteriorating listening conditions seems to be dependent on whether one is listening in one’s native or a non-native language rather than on the listener’s native language.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association
Subtitle of host publicationInterspeech'16, San Francisco, USA, Sept. 8-12, 2016
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association
Pages858-862
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5108-3313-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInterspeech - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 8 Sep 201612 Sep 2016
Conference number: 17

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association
PublisherInternational Speech Communications Association
ISSN (Print)1990-9770
ISSN (Electronic)2308-457X

Conference

ConferenceInterspeech
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period08/09/201612/09/2016

Keywords

  • non-native spoken word recognition
  • listening in noise
  • language dependency

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