Doctrines and Dimensions of Justice: Their Historical Backgrounds and Ideological Underpinnings

Matti Häyry*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
472 Downloads (Pure)


Justice can be approached from many angles in ethical and political debates, including those involving healthcare, biomedical research, and well-being. The main doctrines of justice are liberal egalitarianism, libertarianism, luck egalitarianism, socialism, utilitarianism, capability approach, communitarianism, and care ethics. These can be further elaborated in the light of traditional moral and social theories, values, ideals, and interests, and there are distinct dimensions of justice that are captured better by some tactics than by others. In this article, questions surrounding these matters are approached with the hermeneutic idea of a distinction between "American" and "European" ways of thinking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-216
Number of pages29
JournalCambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • capabilities approach
  • care ethics
  • communitarianism
  • healthcare
  • ideals
  • interests
  • justice
  • liberal egalitarian
  • libertarian
  • luck egalitarian
  • socialism
  • utilitarianism
  • values
  • well-being


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