Distributed ultrafast fibre laser

Xueming Liu, Y. Cui, Dongdong Han, X. Yao, Zhipei Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

150 Citations (Scopus)
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A traditional ultrafast fibre laser has a constant cavity length that is independent of the pulse wavelength. The investigation of distributed ultrafast (DUF) lasers is conceptually and technically challenging and of great interest because the laser cavity length and fundamental cavity frequency are changeable based on the wavelength. Here, we propose and demonstrate a DUF fibre laser based on a linearly chirped fibre Bragg grating, where the total cavity length is linearly changeable as a function of the pulse wavelength. The spectral sidebands in DUF lasers are enhanced greatly, including the continuous-wave (CW) and pulse components. We observe that all sidebands of the pulse experience the same round-trip time although they have different round-trip distances and refractive indices. The pulse-shaping of the DUF laser is dominated by the dissipative processes in addition to the phase modulations, which makes our ultrafast laser simple and stable. This laser provides a simple, stable, low-cost, ultrafast-pulsed source with controllable and changeable cavity frequency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9101
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • fibre lasers
  • mode-locked lasers


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