Distributed resource discovery: architectures and applications in mobile networks

Nicklas Beijar

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisMonograph

Abstract

As the amount of digital information and services increases, it becomes increasingly important to be able to locate the desired content. The purpose of a resource discovery system is to allow available resources (information or services) to be located using a user-defined search criterion. This work studies distributed resource discovery systems that guarantee all existing resources to be found and allow a wide range of complex queries. Our goal is to allocate the load uniformly between the participating nodes, or alternatively to concentrate the load in the nodes with the highest available capacity. The first part of the work examines the performance of various existing unstructured architectures and proposes new architectures that provide features especially valuable in mobile networks. To reduce the network traffic, we use indexing, which is particularly useful in scenarios, where searches are frequent compared to resource modifications. The ratio between the search and update frequencies determines the optimal level of indexing. Based on this observation, we develop an architecture that adjusts itself to changing network conditions and search behavior while maintaining optimal indexing. We also propose an architecture based on large-scale indexing that we later apply to resource sharing within a user group. Furthermore, we propose an architecture that relieves the topology constraints of the Parallel Index Clustering architecture. The performance of the architectures is evaluated using simulation. In the second part of the work we apply the architectures to two types of mobile networks: cellular networks and ad hoc networks. In the cellular network, we first consider scenarios where multiple commercial operators provide a resource sharing service, and then a scenario where the users share resources without operator support. We evaluate the feasibility of the mobile peer-to-peer concept using user opinion surveys and technical performance studies. Based on user input we develop access control and group management algorithms for peer-to-peer networks. The technical evaluation is performed using prototype implementations. In particular, we examine whether the Session Initiation Protocol can be used for signaling in peer-to-peer networks. Finally, we study resource discovery in an ad hoc network. We observe that in an ad hoc network consisting of consumer devices, the capacity and mobility among nodes vary widely. We utilize this property in order to allocate the load to the high-capacity nodes, which serve lower-capacity nodes. We propose two methods for constructing a virtual backbone connecting the nodes.
Translated title of the contributionDistributed resource discovery: architectures and applications in mobile networks
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor's degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Kantola, Raimo, Supervising Professor
Print ISBNs978-952-60-3416-4
Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-3417-1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Keywords

  • resource discovery
  • peer-to-peer
  • ad hoc network
  • distributed search algorithm

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