Distributed Antenna System in 3GPP Specified Industrial Environment

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Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and Industry 4.0 are used interchangeably while talking about the revolution in the field of manufacturing and logistic industries. IIoT is a digital ecosystem of connected devices, machines, equipment, and robots that communicate with each other without or with minimum human intervention. The 28 GHz band and 60 GHz band are two lucrative Millimeter Wave (mmWave) bands for 5G, and are getting popular since they enable standalone private network for IIoT. To ensure the successful deployment of IIoT in practice, we need to revisit our understanding of the radio channel characteristics at target frequencies in Indoor Factory (InF) environments. In this paper, we have considered three operating frequencies i.e., 3.5 GHz, 28 GHz and 60 GHz, and we investigate the performance of several Distributed Antenna System (DAS) and non-DAS layouts in 3GPP specified InF environment that is characterized by high density of blockers. The performance of the system is quantified in terms of received power, SINR, outage ratio, application layer throughput, and system capacity. The system performance is analyzed with Three-Dimensional (3D) Ray Tracing (RT) simulations. The acquired simulation results and related discussion provided in this paper gives insightful information about the communication properties in an indoor industrial environment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE 93rd Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2021
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-8964-2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 25 Apr 202128 Apr 2021
Conference number: 93

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)1090-3038
ISSN (Electronic)2577-2465


ConferenceIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
Abbreviated titleVTC-Spring


  • Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
  • Industry 4.0
  • mmWave communications
  • Propagation
  • Ray tracing simulations


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    Jäntti, R., Meles, M., Ruttik, K., Fagerholm, R., Ghazalian, R., Koskinen, K. & Sheikh, M.


    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

  • 5G-FORCE

    Costa Requena, J.


    Project: Business Finland: Other research funding

  • 5G-FORCE-Jäntti

    Jäntti, R., Badihi Olyaei, B., Saba, N., Fagerholm, R., Sheikh, M. & Menta, E.


    Project: Business Finland: Other research funding

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