Breakdown of two-dimensional disordered systems is studied with a time-dependent network model. The dependence of fracture process on the local relaxation of the force field is included within the framework of Maxwellian viscoelasticity. The dynamics and characteristics of crack formation and propagation are shown to depend on disorder and relative time scales of dissipation and loading. Brittle behavior is encountered in the adiabatic limit of slow straining. At finite strain rates, the development of damage shows ductile behavior with increasing dissipation. Nucleation of cracks in various dynamical situations is discussed.
- disordered systems
- dynamic fracture