Dissecting the effect of chemical additives on the enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated wheat straw

Mareike Monschein, Christoph Reisinger, Bernd Nidetzky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Chemical additives were examined for ability to increase the enzymatic hydrolysis of thermo-acidically pretreated wheat straw by Trichoderma reesei cellulase at 50°C. Semi-empirical descriptors derived from the hydrolysis time courses were applied to compare influence of these additives on lignocellulose bioconversion on a kinetic level, presenting a novel view on their mechanism of action. Focus was on rate retardation during hydrolysis, substrate conversion and enzyme adsorption. PEG 8000 enabled a reduction of enzyme loading by 50% while retaining the same conversion of 67% after 24h. For the first time, a beneficial effect of urea is reported, increasing the final substrate conversion after 48h by 16%. The cationic surfactant cetyl-trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) enhanced the hydrolysis rate at extended reaction time (rlim) by 34% and reduced reaction time by 28%. A combination of PEG 8000 and urea increased sugar release more than additives used individually.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-722
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Cellulase
  • Chemical additives
  • Enzymatic hydrolysis
  • Protein adsorption
  • Urea

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