Digital Twin: Vision, Benefits, Boundaries, and Creation for Buildings

Siavash Haghighat Khajavi, Naser Hossein Motlagh, Alireza Jaribion, Liss C. Werner, Jan Holmström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

293 Citations (Scopus)
629 Downloads (Pure)


The concept of a digital twin has been used in some industries where an accurate digital model of the equipment can be used for predictive maintenance. The use of a digital twin for performance is critical, and for capital-intensive equipment such as jet engines it proved to be successful in terms of cost savings and reliability improvements. In this paper, we aim to study the expansion of the digital twin in including building life cycle management and explore the benefits and shortcomings of such implementation. In four rounds of experimentation, more than 25,000 sensor reading instances were collected, analyzed, and utilized to create and test a limited digital twin of an office building facade element. This is performed to point out the method of implementation, highlight the benefits gained from digital twin, and to uncover some of the technical shortcomings of the current Internet of Things systems for this purpose.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8863491
Pages (from-to)147406 - 147419
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Building Information Modeling (BIM)
  • Wireless sensor network
  • Internet of Things
  • Life cycle management
  • Digital twin


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