Differences in surface chemistry of regenerated lignocellulose fibers determined by chemically sensitive scanning probe microscopy

Claudia Gusenbauer, Tiina Nypelö, Devon S. Jakob, Xiaoji G. Xu, Dmitri V. Vezenov, Shirin Asaadi, Herbert Sixta, Johannes Konnerth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Tuning the composition of regenerated lignocellulosic fibers in the production process enables targeting of specific material properties. In composite materials, such properties could be manipulated by controlled heterogeneous distribution of chemical components of regenerated fibers. This attribute requires a visualization method to show their inherent chemical characteristics. We compared complementary microscopic techniques to analyze the surface chemistry of four differently tuned regenerated lignocellulosic fibers. Adhesion properties were visualized with chemical force microscopy and showed contrasts towards hydrophilic and hydrophobic atomic force microscopy tips. Fibers containing xylan showed heterogeneous adhesion properties within the fiber structure towards hydrophilic tips. Additionally, peak force infrared microscopy mapped spectroscopic contrasts with nanometer resolution and provided point infrared spectra, which were consistent to classical infrared microscopy data. With this setup, infrared signals with a spatial resolution below 20 nm reveal chemical gradients in specific fiber types.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2520-2527
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume165
Early online date23 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • atomic force microscopy
  • Ioncell-F
  • lignocellulose

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