Difference in Voice Problems and Noise Reports Between Teachers of Public and Private Schools in Upper Egypt

Ahmed Abo-Hasseba, Teija Waaramaa, Paavo Alku, Ahmed Geneid*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study aimed to assess teachers' voice symptoms and noise in schools in Upper Egypt and to study possible differences between teachers in public and private schools. Study Design: A cross-sectional analysis via questionnaire was carried out. Methods: Four schools were chosen randomly to represent primary and preparatory schools as well as public and private ones. In these schools, a total of 140 teachers participated in the study. They answered a questionnaire on vocal and throat symptoms and their effects on working and social activities, as well as levels and effects of experienced noise. Results: Of all teachers, 47.9% reported moderate or severe dysphonia within the last 6 months, and 21.4% reported daily dysphonia. All teachers reported frequent feelings of being in noise, with 82.2% feeling it sometimes or always during the working day, resulting in a need to raise their voice. Teachers in public schools experienced more noise from nearby classes. Conclusion: The working conditions and vocal health of teachers in Upper Egypt, especially in public schools, are alarming.

Original languageEnglish
Article number508.e11
Pages (from-to)508.e11-508.e16
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Voice
Issue number4
Early online date14 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Egypt
  • Private schools
  • Public schools
  • Teachers
  • Voice

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