Development and enhancement of road lighting principles

Aleksanteri Ekrias

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles


    The work starts with a short introduction concerning the history of road lighting, outlining the trends and changes that have taken place in road lighting research during the past century. The introduction is followed by a review of trends, directions, and problems in current road lighting research and practice. The following part of the work introduces an advanced approach to road lighting measurements and calculations, based on the use of an imaging luminance photometer and the Road LumiMeter v2.0 computer program. The work sets out to investigate the variations in the characteristics of the quality of the road lighting at the same pilot locations in relation to the calculation methods used. In the work mesopic visual performance and the effects of the spectral transmittance of the vehicle windshield on the visibility conditions of the driver are also analysed. The work continues with road lighting measurements in various weather conditions in order to study the effects of snowy and wet road surface conditions on road lighting luminances. The results show that in Finland, snowy conditions offer very good opportunities to save electricity without adversely affecting either the safety of driving or the quality of road lighting. The following measurements set out to investigate the contribution of halogen and high-intensity discharge headlights to road lighting and whether this has a conflicting effect on the luminance contrasts of various targets located on the road or at the side of the road. The results indicate that, in general, the use of vehicle headlights in the presence of road lighting reduces the luminance contrasts of targets. The work continues with road lighting visibility experiments which study the visibility of achromatic and coloured targets in MH lamp and HPS lamp installations. The results show that colours have a major effect on target visibility if the road is illuminated with a light source with adequate colour rendering properties. Finally, pavement sample measurements are made to study the effects of aggregate lightness and aggregate colour on the reflectance properties of pavements. HPS lamps are found to be more effective than MH lamps in terms of light reflected from pavements.
    Translated title of the contributionDevelopment and enhancement of road lighting principles
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor's degree
    Awarding Institution
    • Aalto University
    • Halonen, Liisa, Supervising Professor
    • Eloholma, Marjukka, Thesis Advisor, External person
    Print ISBNs978-952-60-3082-1
    Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-3083-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


    • road lighting
    • measurements and calculations
    • imaging luminance photometer
    • weather conditions
    • vehicle headlights
    • colour contrast
    • pavement materials


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