Developing Self-Assembled Starch Nanoparticles in Starch Nanocomposite Films

Mahyar Fazeli*, Juha Lipponen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Starch nanoparticles (SNPs) are synthesized by different precipitation techniques using corn starch, and SNP films are prepared by the evaporation casting method. The morphological study is investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The distribution and sizes of precipitated SNPs after synthesizing are discovered by these methods as well. The crystallinity of the SNPs is studied by the X-ray diffractometry (XRD) method that demonstrates reduction compared to neat starch granules, and it is changed from A-style to VH-style after precipitation. The chemical bonding of different SNPs after the nanoprecipitation is analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) demonstrates the decomposition of starch nanoparticles and the starch matrix that is related to the depolymerization of carbon chains in the range of 260 to 350 °C. The mechanical properties of the SNP films versus the temperature changing are discovered by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The water contact angles of SNP films are measured using a goniometer, and the results showed the hydrophobic surfaces of the prepared films. Our study indicates that SNPs have a promising impact on the properties of corn starch films, which would be useful in biodegradable packaging material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44962-44971
Number of pages10
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number49
Early online date2 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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