Developing Conflict Resolution in Highway and Railway Projects - Perspective of RealProperty Owner

Seija Kotilainen

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles


    In this research we are interested in the land management activities of highway and railway projects (route projects). The research gives answer to the question, which are the objects of development in route projects, when we look these projects from the viewpoint of real property owners. The research is based on seven scientific articles. There were used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Objects of development are associated with participation possibilities, also prevention and resolution of conflicts. In different functions during adjustment phase, like with need analysis and with adjustments of private roads and parcels, a real property owner should have possibilities of participation. Notice methods of preliminary and final engineering plans should be unified, so that all real property owners are ensured possibilities to participation. Real property owner should also have right to participate in negotiations, by which is formulated the method to compensations – either a settlement or a decision of an authority. Real property owners prefer social process with route projects. Right compensations are not enough. Conflicts could be prevented by actions which support confidentiality and possibilities to negotiations and to discussions. With taking possession phases of highway and railway projects, a real property owner himself or herself should present the property expropriated. The final meeting of legal survey must be hold also in the case, when the only activity of an authority is to give an expropriation decision and a notice. Legislation should be amended, so that a decision of an authority posted to a real property owner should be enough. Real property owners think that the route project is an entirety. Therefore, conflict resolution should base on holistic approach. If there are no possibilities to resolve conflict in one function, the body that is responsible for this function should be obligated to change hands with other arena, for instance with meditation. This means there should be no more conflicts in wrong places, which should not have an arena of management. In the future, the use of different and new of conflict resolution methods should be promoted. In the future there is needed information about those conflict resolution methods, which could be used with legal surveys. Therefore, opinions of expropriation committee members should be studied. Another object is to study the experiences of real property owners, which concern factors of full compensation.
    Translated title of the contributionDeveloping Conflict Resolution in Highway and Railway Projects - Perspective of RealProperty Owner
    Original languageFinnish
    QualificationDoctor's degree
    Awarding Institution
    • Aalto University
    • Vitikainen, Arvo, Supervising Professor
    • Vitikainen, Arvo, Thesis Advisor
    Print ISBNs978-952-60-5167-3
    Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-5168-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


    • cadastral survey
    • highway project
    • railway project
    • conflict
    • land management


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