Determination and comparison of ash melting temperature of a biomass blend by laboratory methods and thermodynamic modelling

Siim Link*, Patrik Yrjas, Daniel Lindberg, Andres Trikkel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Ash melting could cause severe problems in boiler operation such as agglomeration of the fluidized bed. The blending of fuels could lead to eutectics and extremely low melting points. Sophisticated methods are needed to investigate and understand the chemical mechanisms taking place under thermal treatment causing ash melting. Reed and wheat straw were used as parent fuels and their ashes were blended in the ratio of 50%/50%. The aim of this study is to investigate the ash melting behaviour of biomass blend to determine the starting point of ash melting and extent of the melting process, when the melt fraction could cause severe problems in boiler operation. The ash melting behaviour was investigated using a number of laboratory methods, such as simultaneous thermal analysis, heating microscope and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Thermodynamic modelling was carried out using FactSage software. The results revealed that the melting was started at 660-680 °C when the Na and K salts were melted. Intensive melting took place in the temperature range of 800-980 °C. The rapid melting occurring between 950 and 980 °C was caused by the melting of SiO2 and K2MgSi5O12.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication28th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 6-9 July 2020, Virtual
PublisherETA Florence
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-89407-20-2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Virtual, Virtual, Online
Duration: 6 Jul 20209 Jul 2020
Conference number: 28

Publication series

NameEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition
ISSN (Electronic)2282-5819


ConferenceEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition
Abbreviated titlee-EUBCE
CityVirtual, Online


  • Ashes
  • Biofuel
  • Mixtures
  • Modelling
  • Straw


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