Detecting Cooking State of Grilled Chicken by Electronic Nose and Computer Vision Techniques

Fedor S. Fedorov, Ainul Yaqin, Dmitry V. Krasnikov, Vladislav A. Kondrashov, George Ovchinnikov, Yuri Kostyukevich, Sergey Osipenko, Albert G. Nasibulin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Determination of food doneness remains a challenge for automation in the cooking industry. The complex physicochemical processes that occur during cooking require a combination of several methods for their control. Herein, we utilized an electronic nose and computer vision to check the cooking state of grilled chicken. Thermogravimetry, differential mobility analysis, and mass spectrometry were employed to deepen the fundamental insights towards the grilling process. The results indicated that an electronic nose could distinguish the odor profile of the grilled chicken, whereas computer vision could identify discoloration of the chicken. The integration of these two methods yields greater selectivity towards the qualitative determination of chicken doneness. The odor profile is matched with detected water loss, and the release of aromatic and sulfur-containing compounds during cooking. This work demonstrates the practicability of the developed technique, which we compared with a sensory evaluation, for better deconvolution of food state during cooking.
Original languageEnglish
Article number128747
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • chemometrics
  • computer vision
  • electronic nose
  • food preparation
  • sensory analysis

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