Design ecosystems as the landscapes for co-creation

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific


    This paper presents a very compact view of design, design processes and practices that forms a foundation for the concept of the design ecosystem. Design ecosystems are systems of connected and interacting designs, organized by the practices of the human participants of the ecosystem. The design ecosystem forms the context for any new designs and to creative activities, thus forming also the landscape for co-creation. Practices are also designs, and the design and adaptation of practices is the most common design activity for most people. Practices have an individual and a social dimension. New design is always based on earlier available design which forms the design toolkit. The abstract space of possible designs that can be achieved with the current resources, capabilities and constraints is the design space. Design platforms are dominant components especially in digital design ecosystems. These concepts are helpful for supporting a design-oriented analysis of diverse everyday life phenomena and provide tools for discovering opportunities for design.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the CO-CREATE 2013 - The Boundary-Crossing Conference on Co-Design in Innovation, Espoo, 16-19 June, 2013. Aalto University publications series SCIENCE + TECHNOLOGY 15/2013.
    EditorsRiitta Smeds, Olivier Irrmann
    Place of PublicationHelsinki
    PublisherAalto ARTS Books
    ISBN (Print)978-952-60-5236-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed conference publication


    • Design Ecosystem
    • Design Evolution
    • Design Philosophy
    • Design Platform
    • Design Process
    • Design Space
    • Design Theory
    • Design Toolkit
    • Emergent Design
    • Evolution of Designs
    • Individual Practices
    • Practices
    • Social Practices


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