Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) and the static density functional method (DFT) with a conductor-like screening model (COSMO) were used to investigate the chemistry of aluminum (chloro)hydroxide in water. With these methods, the stability, reactivity, and acidic nature of the chosen chlorohydrate were able to be determined. Constrained molecular dynamics simulations were used to investigate the binding of chlorine in an aquatic environment. According to the results, aluminum preferred to be 5-fold-coordinated. In addition, the activation energy barriers for the dissociation of chlorine atoms from the original chlorohydrate structure were able to be determined. The actual values for the barriers were 14 ± 3 and 40 ± 5 kJ mol-1. The results also revealed the acidity of the original cationic dimer. DFT with COSMO was used to determine free energy differences for the reactions detected in the molecular dynamic simulations. In conclusion, new results and insight into the aquatic chemistry of the aluminum (chloro)hydroxides are provided.