Demand response of space heating using model predictive control in an educational office building

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • Granlund Consulting Oy
  • Nanjing Tech University


The building sector plays a remarkable role in decreasing of the overall global CO2 emissions since as much as 30% from the total global CO2 emission are generated in buildings. Demand response provides one possibility to tackle the problem. It can be used to decrease CO2 emissions in entire energy system in addition to providing energy cost savings for building owners and energy companies. In this study, the demand response potential was estimated in an
educational office building that was heated by district heating. The potential was defined in respect of energy cost savings, energy flexibility and thermal comfort. Model predictive control was developed, which utilized the dynamic hourly district heating prices. The MPC algorithm written in the Matlab software, predicted the future heating demand while the optimization algorithm NSGA-II
minimized the heating energy cost, maximized the energy flexibility and maintained acceptable thermal comfort by changing the space heating temperature setpoints. The operation of the MPC algorithm was tested in the IDA ICE 4.8 simulation software. As a result, the annual district heating energy costs could be reduced by 4.2% compared to the reference case with constant space
heating temperature setpoint of 21 °C. The maximum flexibility factor attained was 14%. Acceptable level of thermal comfort was maintained throughout the simulation time.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCLIMA 2019 Conference, 26th-29th May, 2019, Bucharest, Romania
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventREHVA World Congress - Bucharest, Romania
Duration: 26 May 201929 May 2019
Conference number: 13

Publication series

NameE3S Web of Conferences
PublisherEDP Sciences
ISSN (Print)2555-0403
ISSN (Electronic)2267-1242


ConferenceREHVA World Congress
Abbreviated titleCLIMA

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