Decoupling of Closely Spaced Dipole Antennas for Ultrahigh Field MRI with Metasurfaces

Anna Hurshkainen*, Masoud Sharifian Mazraeh Mollaei, Marc Dubois, Sergei Kurdjumov, Redha Abdeddaim, Stefan Enoch, Stanislav Glybovski, Constantin Simovski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Phased antenna arrays of dipoles are widely used in ultrahigh field (UHF) magnetic resonance imaging for creating the controllable radio frequency (RF) magnetic field distributions in a human body. Due to safety and imaging quality reasons each individual channel of the array should be decoupled - electromagnetically isolated from the others. The required number of channels is large and in some techniques the dipole antennas should be located in the close proximity of the human body. Their ultimately dense arrangement leads to a strong mutual coupling and makes the conventional decoupling structures inefficient. This coupling needs to be suppressed without a significant distortion of RF fields in the imaged area. In this work, we propose and study a novel decoupling technique for two UHF transceiver on-body dipole antennas. The decoupling is performed by a periodic structure of five parallel resonant wires referred to as a metasurface (MS). In contrast to conventional decoupling with a single resonant wire, the MS decoupled by means of excitation of a higher order coupled mode of the wires, which field is highly confined. The main advantage is a low distortion of the RF-field in the central region of the body.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9171502
Pages (from-to)1094-1106
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Decoupling
  • dipole antennas
  • metasurfaces (MSs)
  • ultrahigh field (UHF) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

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