Day-Ahead Wind Power Forecasting Using a Two-Stage Hybrid Modeling Approach Based on SCADA and Meteorological Information, and Evaluating the Impact of Input-Data Dependency on Forecasting Accuracy

Dehua Zheng, Min Shi, Yifeng Wang, Abinet Tesfaye Eseye*, Jianhua Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The power generated by wind generators is usually associated with uncertainties, due to the intermittency of wind speed and other weather variables. This creates a big challenge for transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution system operators (DSOs) in terms of connecting, controlling and managing power networks with high-penetration wind energy. Hence, in these power networks, accurate wind power forecasts are essential for their reliable and efficient operation. They support TSOs and DSOs in enhancing the control and management of the power network. In this paper, a novel two-stage hybrid approach based on the combination of the Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT), genetic algorithm (GA) and artificial neural network (ANN) is proposed for day-ahead wind power forecasting. The approach is composed of two stages. The first stage utilizes numerical weather prediction (NWP) meteorological information to predict wind speed at the exact site of the wind farm. The second stage maps actual wind speed vs. power characteristics recorded by SCADA. Then, the wind speed forecast in the first stage for the future day is fed to the second stage to predict the future day's wind power. Comparative selection of input-data parameter sets for the forecasting model and impact analysis of input-data dependency on forecasting accuracy have also been studied. The proposed approach achieves significant forecasting accuracy improvement compared with three other artificial intelligence-based forecasting approaches and a benchmark model using the smart persistence method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1988
Number of pages23
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • artificial neural network
  • forecasting
  • genetic algorithm
  • Hilbert-Huang transform
  • NWP (numerical weather prediction)
  • wind power

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