We present d3p, a software package designed to help fielding runtime efficient widely-applicable Bayesian inference under differential privacy guarantees. d3p achieves general applicability to a wide range of probabilistic modelling problems by implementing the differentially private variational inference algorithm, allowing users to fit any parametric probabilistic model with a differentiable density function. d3p adopts the probabilistic programming paradigm as a powerful way for the user to flexibly define such models. We demonstrate the use of our software on a hierarchical logistic regression example, showing the expressiveness of the modelling approach as well as the ease of running the parameter inference. We also perform an empirical evaluation of the runtime of the private inference on a complex model and find an ~10 fold speed-up compared to an implementation using TensorFlow Privacy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of Privacy Enhancing Technologies
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Nov 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Differential privacy
  • JAX
  • NumPyro
  • Probabilistic programming
  • Variational inference


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