Customized Root-Analogue Implants: A Review on Outcomes from Clinical Trials and Case Reports

Telma Dantas*, S. Madeira, Michael Gasik, Paula Vaz, Filipe Samuel Silva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
146 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

It is estimated that 10% of the world’s population will need a dental implant in their lifetime. Despite all the advances in the comprehension of dental implant designs, materials and techniques, traditional implants still have many limitations. Customized root-analogue implants are, therefore, gaining increased interest in dental rehabilitation and are expected to not only preserve more hard and soft tissues but also avoid a second surgery and improve patient overall satisfaction. In this sense, the aim of this review was to collect and analyse the clinical trials and case reports on customized root-analogue implants available in the literature. This review was carried out according to the PRISMA Statement. An electronic database search was performed using five databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, Medline, Science Direct, and Scopus. The following keywords were used for gathering data: custom-made, dental implants, root-analogue, anatomical, customized and tooth-like. 15 articles meeting the inclusion criteria—articles reporting clinical trials, case reports or animal studies and articles with root-analogue implants and articles with totally customized implant geometries—were selected for the qualitative synthesis. The design and manufacturing techniques, implant material and surface treatments were assessed and discussed. The performance of some root-analogue implants with specific features (i.e., macro-retentions) was successful, with no signs of infection, periodontitis nor bleeding during the follow-up periods.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2296
Number of pages14
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2021
MoE publication typeA2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review

Keywords

  • CAD/CAM technology
  • Clinical trial
  • Custom-made
  • Root-analogue implants
  • Titanium
  • Zirconia

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