CURVED.IT: A design tool to integrate making with curved folding into digital design process

Saadet Bacinoglu, Luka Piskorec, Toni Kotnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
286 Downloads (Pure)


The act of changing the direction of a sheet surface along a non-straight curve
is a specific case of curved folding. From an architectural point of view, curved
folding is an exciting operation. One or a couple of operation can generate highly complex shell-like spatial enclosure. From a digital design perspective, the implementation of curved folding with the built-in toolsets of available computer-aided design softwares is a challenging problem. The equilibrium state of curved folded geometry is needed to be found with a computational form-finding strategy. To use curved folding as a digital design operation, we introduce a new tool through developing a digital procedure for form-finding. The tool we develop can enable the experimentation with curved folding in the early stage of design process and facilitate the subsequent design development. In this article, we briefly present the literature focusing on curved folding in computational geometry, as well as the scope and description of a subclass of curved folding operation. Then, we introduce a digital tool, CURVED.IT through a design manual for its implementation and an algorithmic framework for its extension. Lastly, we discuss the design examples generated by CURVED.IT, and the potentials of the tool.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-27
Number of pages17
JournalA/Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Computational form finding
  • Curved folding technique
  • Digital design tools
  • Dynamic relaxation method
  • Surface resistant structures


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